Reviewed by Rebecca Awram
Updated September 12, 2022
mort·ga·gor | ˌmȯr-gi-ˈjȯr
Definition: One who borrows from a mortgage lender to buy real estate.
The mortgagor is responsible for making timely mortgage payments.
A mortgagor is a person, business, or other entity that receives a loan—specifically, a mortgage loan—that is secured against real estate.
The mortgagor is the borrower in the relationship, while the mortgagee is the lender. You’re not likely to see these terms outside of a legal contract; even most banks just use terms like “borrower” and “lender” to make things clearer.
Not everyone who takes out a loan is a mortgagor; the term only applies to those who take out mortgage loans. Credit cards, car loans, and unsecured lines of credit are all loans, but none of them are mortgages.
Mortgages are loans made specifically to buy real estate, where real estate is also the collateral for that loan. Collateral is an asset that a lender holds as security for a loan. In the case of a mortgage, that collateral is the home itself. The lender maintains an interest in that home until the mortgagor pays off the loan. If the mortgagor stops making payments, the lender has the right to repossess the house to get their investment back.
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Given how rarely they come up in day-to-day conversation, it can be hard to remember which is which between mortgagor and mortgagee.
The mortgagor is the one doing the mortgage, so to speak—the borrower. They’re taking out the loan, they’re making the payments, and it’s their house that’s securing the mortgage.
The mortgagee, on the other hand, is the bank (or another lender). Their role in the relationship is to provide the money for the loan (and take possession of the house if the borrower fails to hold up their end of the deal).’
Mortgagors have a number of responsibilities aside from the obvious one of “making mortgage payments on time.”
Mortgage lenders require that all the homes being mortgaged have an active home insurance policy covering them. Accordingly, the mortgagor needs to buy a home insurance policy for their mortgaged home and keep that policy active throughout the life of the mortgage (and ideally, after).
In fact, home insurance policies explicitly protect the mortgage lender in addition to the homeowner who bought the policy. The Standard Mortgage Clause in Canadian home insurance policies assures that the lender can have their stake in the house protected even if the mortgagor (the homeowner) does something that violates the terms of the policy.
After all, the mortgagor and the mortgagee have a shared interest in the mortgaged property until the mortgage is completely paid off.
Looking for another insurance definition? Look it up in The Insurance Glossary, home to dozens of easy-to-follow definitions for the most common insurance terms. Or, get an online quote in under 5 minutes and find out how affordable personalized home insurance can be.
About the expert: Rebecca Awram
Rebecca is a member of the Mortgage Brokers Association of British Columbia, which seeks to expand the knowledge and relationships of its members beyond the content of the UBC exam requirements by providing ongoing educational and networking opportunities. Rebecca has over 15 years of experience as a licensed broker.
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