Updated May 25, 2023
Eviction is the term for a landlord removing a tenant from their rental property, essentially by ending the rental agreement. There are many reasons for a landlord to evict their tenant. Most reasons are valid, but there are plenty of examples of landlords removing their tenants in bad faith, too.
Regardless of the landlord’s motivation for evicting their tenant, tenants always have rights. In Canada, those rights vary from province to province, so it can be hard for a tenant to know what recourse they have if their landlord ends their tenancy.
On this page, you’ll find a quick overview of the most typical reasons for a landlord to evict their tenants. We’ll also explain a few common terms you might here if you’re dealing with an eviction. And finally, you’ll find links to province-specific eviction information as well.
While tenancy legislation varies between provinces, a tenant’s basic rights when faced with eviction are similar across Canada.
Broadly speaking, there are three valid reasons for a landlord to evict a tenant:
These reasons apply differently in each province—some have much stricter rules than others. In some cases, these reasons don’t even apply. That’s why it’s important as a tenant to know the rights you have in your home province.
It’s worth noting that most reasons to evict a tenant are uncommon—more than 90% of eviction applications relate to non-payment of rent.
There are a few concepts that will be useful to understand before proceeding to the specific page for your home province:
Unfortunately, that’s just about as far as we can get with general information about evictions.
While tenants in each province have many of the same rights, the specifics about the eviction process vary widely—timelines, appeal processes, and legal eviction reasons all depend on local regulations.
To make things easier, we’ve collected the basic eviction processes and tenants’ rights for the provinces on the list below. Visit the link for your home province to find specific details, and links to further resources if you need more information.
In Canada, matters of housing and tenancy are mostly under provincial jurisdiction. Accordingly, the eviction process differs from province to province. Regardless of province, however, tenants have certain rights. In all cases, a landlord must follow the proper legal process and give the required notice to evict a tenant. Landlords also never have the authority to physically remove tenants; they can’t change the locks or remove the tenant’s belongings from the rental suite. Forced removal requires a legal order and will be carried out by an authorized agent—usually a sheriff or bailiff.
There is no official record of evictions in Canada. However, evictions that make it as far as a provincial tenancy board would be recorded. In some provinces, like Ontario, a landlord could theoretically access some previous eviction decisions from the LTB.
Or, if you’re evicted for missed rent, your landlord could report you to a credit bureau like Equifax or TransUnion. If they do, that missed payment would likely remain on your credit report for six years.
It’s a common misconception that there are restrictions on evicting tenants during the winter months. However, this is not the case. As long as a landlord follows the correct process, they can evict a tenant in any month of the year.
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